Why identity cannot be an input to vaccine passport checks or any other real-world digital authorizations

In computer systems it is common to construct digital gates around a service. The most common example is a username and password login gate that does a combination of authentication (i.e. verifying who is accessing the service) and authorization (i.e. what functions of the service can be executed). This approach…

DID stands for Decentralized IDentifier, Decentralized Identity Document, and Decentralized IDentity all at the same time. Got it? Good. Now don’t use the word DID, don’t use the DID technology, and most of all don’t use the W3C DID standards. With user sovereignty as its guide and ethics as its foundation, the authentic data economy solves the problems plaguing DIDs, DIDs, and DIDs.

Political Solutions Never Solve Technological Problems


The W3C has been hard at work for the last four years in endless political fights over the design of the standard for decentralized identity documents and their identifiers. The end result is a design-by-committee solution that is malformed, didactic and fights adoption. It fails to meet basic requirements for…

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This is a copy of the specification now governed as a Community Specification hosted on Github.

This project is generously sponsored by Google and the Linux Foundation.

This specification documents a new, proposed protocol Git…

All of us intuitively have a sense of what trust is and how to earn and maintain it as well as how to lose it. Trust never comes for free. The cost of earning trust is consistent trustworthy behavior over time. It forms our reputation in our social circles. But…


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